About 188 countries of the world and 45 independent territories.
Baha’i is one of the youngest monotheistic religions. Followers of the Baha’i teachings believe that all the previous prophets are interconnected, and each monotheistic religion is a page of one faith.
At the moment there are over 5 million followers. They include representatives of 2112 ethnic groups.
The teaching originated in the middle of the XIX century. In 1925, it was defined as a separate religion by the Egyptian Muslim Court.
The media mainly mentions the gardens of the world Center, sometimes there are news from religion on TV.
A brief history
The Baha’i religion, which appeared at the beginning of the last century, spread quite quickly across all continents of the planet. According to the guardian of the teachings, Shoghi Effendi, several stages of its formation and development can be distinguished in the history of Baha’i.
- “Heroic” (or “Apostolic”). 1844 to 1921, until the death of Abdul-Baha. This stage ends in 1932 with the death of Bahiye khanum, the eldest of the daughters of Baha’u’llah (the founder of the doctrine).
- The “Age of formation” or “Transitional era”. From 1932 to the present. The time of the creation and strengthening of the Baha’i administration, the active popularization of the creed.
- The “Golden Age”. The world’s first Baha’i temple was built at the beginning of the XX century in Ashgabat, marking the final formation of the doctrine. In the twentieth century, the doctrine penetrates into the territory of Russia.
The essence of the teaching
The Bahá’í believe that their faith is the last monotheistic religion of mankind, and the prophet Bahá’u’lláh is the last of the messiahs of monotheism.
The teaching is based on the desire for a common unification of humanity under one flag and one religion.
At the same time, God is regarded as a transcendent (otherworldly) being, common to all monotheistic religions, albeit bearing different names.
Life should be filled with piety in prayer, meditation and pilgrimage. These are necessary rituals that bring the immortal soul, which came to this world for a brief moment, closer to the boundless divine.
- The whole of humanity is one.
- All people should learn the truth on their own.
- All religions have one common basis.
- Religion should be the basis of unity and understanding of people.
- Religion should not contradict science and reason.
- Men and women have the same rights.
- Prejudices of any kind should be eliminated.
- We need to strive for world peace.
- Both men and women should receive a multifaceted spiritual and moral education and upbringing.
- Social issues must be resolved.
- An auxiliary language and a single font for the whole world should be introduced.
- A world court should be appointed.
Bahá’í have no priests, everyone’s path is different, but there are some everyday rituals.
One of the central celebrations of Baha’i is the feast of the 19th day. This holiday symbolizes the end of the month according to the Baha’i calendar. On this day, all members of the community gather together. The first half of the day is devoted to prayers and spiritual practices. After lunch, all pressing issues are discussed, this can be called the administrative part of the holiday.
In the final part of the holiday, a large table is set, people devote time to enjoying treats and fellowship between members of the community.
In addition, the Baha’is celebrate the birthday of Baha’u’llah, Nowruz (new year) Ridwan (the day of the first public address of the Baha’i) and about 30 other smaller celebrations.
The Baha’i World Center is located in the cities of Haifa and Akko in northern Israel. It is known for its gardens, which are located on a mountain range. The territory is both a shrine and an administrative center. The use of food and drinks is prohibited here.
Biography of the creators
To some extent, the forefather of the teaching is considered to be Baha’i Baba, together with the founder of Baha’i, Baha’u’llah. These spiritual leaders created the foundation of the teachings and the foundations of the world order of the Baha’i community.
The central figure of the teaching is considered to be Baha’u’llah, who is perceived as the last of the prophets of monotheistic religions. Coming from an aristocratic family originally from Persia, he was persecuted for his faith and wandered for about 40 years before finally forming his teaching and being heard by the people.
He bequeathed his teachings to the son of Abdul-Baha, who in turn transferred his dignity to the son of Shoghi Effendi.
Shoghi Effendi transferred full powers to the Universal House of Justice, which is the spiritual center of the Baha’i.
The Baha’i religion is banned in Iran and is being persecuted in this country.
Bahá’í introduces two types of prayers: obligatory and general. There are three daily obligatory prayers. At the same time, the believer is given the freedom to choose one of these three obligatory prayers, but he must recite it in accordance with the specific instructions that accompany the chosen prayer.
It is observed in the last month of the Baha’i calendar, from March 2 to March 20. Its essence is to abstain from food from sunrise until the end of daylight. Smokers have to give up smoking, as the words smoke and drink are synonymous in Arabic.
Bahá’í greet each other with the words “Allahu Abha”.